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Deapartment of Respiratory Medicine



Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapautic purpose. An instrument bronchoscope is inserted in to the airways,usually through the nose or mouth,or occasionaly through a tracheostomy.This allows the practionier to examine the patients airways for abnormalities such as foreign bodies,bleeding,tumors,or inflammation.Specimens may be taken from inside the lungs.The Construction of bronchoscopes ranges from rigid metal tubes with attached lighting devices to flexible optical fiber instruments with real time-video equipment.

Pulmonary Function Test


Pummonary Function Testing is a complete evalution of the respiratory system including patient history.Physical examinations,chest X-ray examinations,chest x-ray examinations, arterial blood gas analysis and test of pulmonary Function.The Primary purpose of pulmonary function testing is to identify the severity of pulmonary impairment.Pulmonary Function testing is to identify the severity of pulmonary impairment.



In this test,a small tissue is taken out from lungs as a sample for diagnosing the malignancy(canceorus stage.)CT Guided Biospy of Mediastinal and pulmonary lesions is a percutaneous(i.e.via.needle-puncture) Procedure and is minimally invasive, to take out a tissue for histopathological Investigation.The Results of CT-Guided Tru-cut Biospy are far better than those of Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology(FNAC)



Pleural biopsy is done to determine the cause of and exudative pleural effusion when thoracentesis is not diagnostic. Apleural biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the pleura (the membrane that surrounds the lungs) is removed with a special biopsy needle in infection, cancer, or another conditional is present. There are three types of pleural biopsies:Needle biopsyThoracoscopic biopsyOpen biopsy.